Performance Analysis of RIS-Assisted Communications with Hardware Impairments and Channel Aging

IEEE Transactions on Communications(2024)

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The reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) technology holds great promise for the advancement of future sixth-generation networks. However, existing research on RIS-assisted communication systems often relies on ideal hardware and static channel conditions, which are impractical in real-world scenarios. In this study, we assess the performance of a RIS-assisted communication system, considering the combined effects of hardware impairments caused by imperfect transceivers and channel aging resulting from user mobility. To achieve this, we analyze the direct and cascade channels between the base station and the user, assuming correlated Rician distributions. We employ the linear minimum mean square estimation method to estimate the overall channel and derive a closed-form expression for the uplink spectral efficiency (SE). By formulating an optimization problem for RIS phase shift, we maximize SE using the projected gradient ascent algorithm. Monte Carlo simulations reveal the impact of channel aging and hardware impairments on system performance. While practical RIS implementations may introduce phase estimation error in the reflected signal, these errors can be mitigated through phase shift optimization. Overall, our results highlight the significant potential of RIS technology in addressing challenges posed by imperfect hardware and users’ mobility.
Reconfigurable intelligent surface,hardware impairment,channel aging,spectral efficiency,phase shift
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