Fear of Recurrence Among Lung Cancer Survivors

Qiuhong Chen, Yunqin Weng, Fangfang Wang, Xiaoyan Yang,Wei-Ti Chen,Feifei Huang


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BackgroundFear of cancer recurrence (FCR) significantly impacts the treatment and prognosis of lung cancer survivors. However, the mechanisms and factors contributing to FCR and its related consequences in lung cancer remain poorly understood.ObjectiveTo evaluate the validity of the Lee-Jones Theoretical Model of FCR in lung cancer survivors.MethodsA cross-sectional survey was conducted among 257 lung cancer survivors who had undergone surgical treatment 1 year prior. The participants completed a comprehensive set of questionnaires, and the data were analyzed using structural equation modeling to test the proposed model.ResultsThe analysis confirmed direct relationships between family resilience, coping behaviors, illness perceptions, FCR triggers, and FCR. Fear of cancer recurrence was also found to have a direct negative impact on quality of life (QOL). Furthermore, levels of family resilience, coping behaviors, illness perceptions, and FCR triggers indirectly influenced QOL through their association with FCR.ConclusionsThis study provides partial support for the validity of the Lee-Jones Theoretical Model of FCR in lung cancer survivors. The findings contribute to a better understanding of FCR in this population and lay the groundwork for targeted interventions. Effective strategies to reduce FCR in lung cancer survivors should focus on enhancing family resilience, improving disease cognition, minimizing FCR triggers, and guiding patients toward adopting positive coping styles, ultimately improving their QOL.Implications for PracticeFear of cancer recurrence plays a vital role in relationships between internal and external cues and QOL. We can construct interventions to enhance the QOL of survivors based on the FCR influencing factors.
Fear of recurrence,Lung cancer,Oncology,Psychology,Quality of life,Survivors
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