Non-Invasive Heart Failure Evaluation Using Machine Learning Algorithms

Odeh Adeyi Victor,Yifan Chen,Xiaorong Ding


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Heart failure is a prevalent cardiovascular condition with significant health implications, necessitating effective diagnostic strategies for timely intervention. This study explores the potential of continuous monitoring of non-invasive signals, specifically integrating photoplethysmogram (PPG) and electrocardiogram (ECG), for enhancing early detection and diagnosis of heart failure. Leveraging a dataset from the MIMIC-III database, encompassing 682 heart failure patients and 954 controls, our approach focuses on continuous, non-invasive monitoring. Key features, including the QRS interval, RR interval, augmentation index, heart rate, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, and peak-to-peak amplitude, were carefully selected for their clinical relevance and ability to capture cardiovascular dynamics. This feature selection not only highlighted important physiological indicators but also helped reduce computational complexity and the risk of overfitting in machine learning models. The use of these features in training machine learning algorithms led to a model with impressive accuracy (98%), sensitivity (97.60%), specificity (96.90%), and precision (97.20%). Our integrated approach, combining PPG and ECG signals, demonstrates superior performance compared to single-signal strategies, emphasizing its potential in early and precise heart failure diagnosis. The study also highlights the importance of continuous monitoring with wearable technology, suggesting a significant stride forward in non-invasive cardiovascular health assessment. The proposed approach holds promise for implementation in hardware systems to enable continuous monitoring, aiding in early detection and prevention of critical health conditions.
heart failure,photoplethysmogram,echocardiogram,machine learning
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