Deep Self-Reconstruction Fusion Similarity Hashing for the Diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease on Multi-Modal Data.

IEEE journal of biomedical and health informatics(2024)

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The pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is extremely intricate, which makes AD patients almost incurable. Recent studies have demonstrated that analyzing multi-modal data can offer a comprehensive perspective on the different stages of AD progression, which is beneficial for early diagnosis of AD. In this paper, we propose a deep self-reconstruction fusion similarity hashing (DS-FSH) method to effectively capture the AD-related biomarkers from the multi-modal data and leverage them to diagnose AD. Given that most existing methods ignore the topological structure of the data, a deep self-reconstruction model based on random walk graph regularization is designed to reconstruct the multi-modal data, thereby learning the nonlinear relationship between samples. Additionally, a fused similarity hash based on anchor graph is proposed to generate discriminative binary hash codes for multi-modal reconstructed data. This allows sample fused similarity to be effectively modeled by a fusion similarity matrix based on anchor graph while modal correlation can be approximated by Hamming distance. Especially, extracted features from the multi-modal data are classified using deep sparse autoencoders classifier. Finally, experiments conduct on the AD Neuroimaging Initiative database show that DS-FSH outperforms comparable methods of AD classification. To conclude, DS-FSH identifies multi-modal features closely associated with AD, which are expected to contribute significantly to understanding of the pathogenesis of AD.
Alzheimer's disease,anchor graph,brain imaging genetics,hashing,multi-modal data
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