In 1963, Dr. Russell instituted a clinical transplantation program at MGH when the hospital performed its first kidney transplant. He has fostered a growing program of research relating to the rapidly advancing field of transplantation biology and has participated in the training of a number of clinicians and scientists from the United States and throughout the world.
In 1968, Dr. Russell founded the Boston Interhospital Organ Bank, and served as the first chairman of its Board of Trustees. Today, the bank has become the New England Organ Bank, the organization that helps coordinate the complexities of identifying, matching and distributing life-saving donor organs in the region. The New England Organ Bank has a central tissue-typing laboratory and 24-hour technicians on call for organ perfusion and tissue typing.