Parkinson's-linked LRRK2-G2019S derails AMPAR trafficking, mobility and composition in striatum with cell-type and subunit specificity.

bioRxiv : the preprint server for biology(2023)

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Parkinson's (PD) is a multi-factorial disease that affects multiple brain systems and circuits. While defined by motor symptoms caused by degeneration of brainstem dopamine neurons, debilitating non-motor abnormalities in fronto-striatal based cognitive function are common, appear early and are initially independent of dopamine. Young adult mice expressing the PD-associated G2019S missense mutation in Lrrk2 also exhibit deficits in fronto-striatal-based cognitive tasks. In mice and humans, cognitive functions require dynamic adjustments in glutamatergic synapse strength through cell-surface trafficking of AMPA-type glutamate receptors (AMPARs), but it is unknown how LRRK2 mutation impacts dynamic features of AMPAR trafficking in striatal projection neurons (SPNs). Here, we used Lrrk2 G2019S knockin mice to show that surface AMPAR subunit stoichiometry is altered biochemically and functionally in mutant SPNs to favor incorporation of GluA1 over GluA2. GluA1-containing AMPARs were resistant to internalization from the cell surface, leaving an excessive accumulation of GluA1 on the surface within and outside synapses. This negatively impacted trafficking dynamics that normally support synapse strengthening, as GluA1-containing AMPARs failed to increase at synapses in response to a potentiating stimulus and showed significantly reduced surface mobility. Surface GluA2-containing AMPARs were expressed at normal levels in synapses, indicating subunit-selective impairment. Abnormal surface accumulation of GluA1 was independent of PKA activity and was limited to D 1 R SPNs. Since LRRK2 mutation is thought to be part of a common PD pathogenic pathway, our data suggest that sustained, striatal cell-type specific changes in AMPAR composition and trafficking contribute to cognitive or other impairments associated with PD. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT:Mutations in LRRK2 are common genetic risks for PD. Lrrk2 G2019S mice fail to exhibit long-term potentiation at corticostriatal synapses and show significant deficits in frontal-striatal based cognitive tasks. While LRRK2 has been implicated generally in protein trafficking, whether G2019S derails AMPAR trafficking at synapses on striatal neurons (SPNs) is unknown. We show that surface GluA1-AMPARs fail to internalize and instead accumulate excessively within and outside synapses. This effect is selective to D 1 R SPNs and negatively impacts synapse strengthening as GluA1-AMPARs fail to increase at the surface in response to potentiation and show limited surface mobility. Thus, LRRK2-G2019S narrows the effective range of plasticity mechanisms, supporting the idea that cognitive symptoms reflect an imbalance in AMPAR trafficking mechanisms within cell-type specific projections.
parkinson′s-linked,ampar trafficking,striatum,cell-type
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